In one of its sustainable development goals, The United Nations considers to “significantly increase access to information and communications technology and strive to provide universal and affordable access to the internet in least developed countries by 2020”.
Why do you think the UN have such a goal? You agree with me that ICT has great influence on our lives, both private and public.
ICT has affected our lives that it makes it imperative for everyone to be able to use ICT for the many tasks that one has to carry out. These impacts can be categorized into three(3) :
- Educational Developoment
- Social Development and
- Economic Development.
In this post you’ ll learn about :
- The impacts of ICT on education
- The positive and negative impacts of ICT on educational development
- The positive and negative impacts of ICT on social development
- The positive and negative impacts of ICT on economic development
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The Impacts Of ICT
ICT has promoted the transformation of the teaching and learning process at all levels. It has empowered teachers and students, making significant contributions to the education fraternity. The functions of the use of ICT in education can generally be categorized into: ICT as an object, ICT as a tool in education, and ICT as a medium for teaching and learning.
- ICT as an Object refers to learning about ICT. ICT is having a huge impact in the schools and colleges curriculum by introducing it as an area of study. For example in Universities and tertiary institutions, ICT is seen as a field of study in different professional disciplines. Such disciplines include Information Technology, Computer Science, Software Engineering, Data Communications, Computer Engineering, Management Information Systems, Mobile Computing, and many others.
- ICT as a tool in education means ICT is used as a tool in most cases. For example while making assignments, collecting data and documentation, communicating and conducting research. In current higher learning institutions, coursework’s, assignments and other work are no longer done the traditional way of paper work. They are done and submitted electronically.
- ICT as a medium for teaching and learning refers to how ICT has transformed the way in which education is delivered. It is as a tool for teaching and learning itself, the medium through which teachers can teach and learners can learn. There are many different ways in which ICT has been seen as a medium for teaching and learning including computer assisted learning, web-learning, computer-classes, online training, distance education, e-learning, virtual learning, digital training, etc.
The positive impact of ICT on education lies in its role on three fundamental aspects of education: access, quality and cost. It has advanced knowledge by expanding and widening access to education, by improving the quality of education and reducing its cost while extending the education to the remote areas through Virtual, eLearning, online and distance learning.
One major negative impact of ICT on education is moral decay. These include access to inappropriate material, violation of personal privacy, and being the recipient of sexual predation, pornography, harassment, stalking, or scams and dissemination of harmful or abusive material. By using ICT students do not learn the basic mental arithmetic and literacy skills because they rely on electronic methods including calculators and spell check and grammar features of software such as Microsoft word. These make the students think less.
Positive impacts of ICT on society include the faster communication speed. With the capability of bandwidth, broadband and connection speed of the Internet news or messages can travel very fast and sometimes instantly as compared to the olden days. This saves time and is inexpensive as compared to other modes of communication such as telephone, mailing or courier service. It allows people to have access to large amounts of data at a very low cost.
ICT also provides a reliable mode of communication. Computers are reliable and with the internet, information could be accessed and retrieved from anywhere and at anytime. ICT technology has created what we call the paperless environment which means information can be stored and retrieved through the digital medium instead of paper. Closed circuit television (CCTV) is also used in our homes and communities to aid gathering of evidence against criminals, thereby making our communities safer.
For the negative impacts, by using computers to communicate, people end up spending less time outside to meet people in the community face-to-face. Nowadays, people tend to prefer online communication to having real time conversations. People tend to become more individualistic and introvert. Communication through techniques such as email are more difficult to get your points across, meanings may be unclear or misinterpreted. Other negative effects of ICT are fraud, identity theft, pornography, cyber bullying, hacking, etc.
ICT is not only one of the fastest growing industries directly creating millions of jobs but it is also an important enabler of innovation and development. information and communications technology, including hardware, software, telecommunications, and the Internet has been, and will likely remain, for the foreseeable future, the dominant driver of growth and innovation throughout the global economy.
- High Paying Direct Job Creation – The ICT sector is, and is expected to remain, one of the largest employers. In the US alone, computer and information technology jobs are expected to grow by 22% up to 2020, creating 758,800 new jobs and for each job in the high-tech industry, five additional jobs, on average, are created in other sectors.
- Significant Contribution to GDP growth – Findings from various countries confirm the positive effect of ICT on growth. For example, a 10% increase in broadband penetration is associated with a 1.4% increase in GDP growth in emerging markets. The Internet accounts for 3.4% of overall GDP in some economies. Most of this effect is driven by e-commerce – people advertising and selling goods online.
- Creates New Services and Industries – Numerous public services have become available online and through mobile phones. The transition to cloud computing is one of the key trends for modernization. For example The government of Moldova is one of the first countries in Eastern Europe and Central Asia to shift its government IT infrastructure into the cloud and launch mobile and e-services for citizens and businesses. ICT has enabled the emergence of a completely new sector: the app industry. Research shows that Facebook apps alone created over 182,000 jobs in 2011.
- Business Innovation – The Internet provides with new ways of reaching out to customers and competing for market share. Over the past few years, social media has established itself as a powerful marketing tool. ICT tools employed within companies help to streamline business processes and improve efficiency. The unprecedented explosion of connected devices throughout the world has created new ways for businesses to serve their customers.
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How has ICT affected your life? Share your experience or ask any question in the comments section below and if you liked this article and find it helpful, please feel free to share.