What is ICT? What is the meaning or definition of ICT? What does ICT stand for? These are questions most people ask. The impact of ICT in the world today is so great that it makes it imperative for everyone to be competent in the use of ICT for the many tasks that one has to accomplish.
In this post you’ll get to know and understand:
- The meaning of ICT
- Basic terminologies used in ICT
READ ALSO : The Impact Of ICT – How Has ICT Changed The World?
What Does ICT Stand For?
ICT stands for Information and Communications Technology. It refers to the study and business of developing and using computers and other technologies for communication and information systems. ICT is similar to Information Technology (IT), but focuses primarily on communication technologies. This includes the Internet, wireless networks, cell phones, and other communication mediums.
Basic ICT Terminologies
ICT Tools or ICTs – This is a generic term that refers to devices and objects used in information and communications technology. ICTs include fax machine, radio, television, mobile phones/cell phones and cell phone towers, computers, laptops, satellite systems, video conferencing software, etc
Data – These are raw or unorganized facts that the computer can process into a meaningful or useful form. They are the quantities, characters, or symbols on which operations are performed by a computer. Data refers to information in raw or unorganized form (such as alphabets, numbers, symbols, words, images, graphics, videos or audio) that refers to, or represents, conditions, ideas, or objects. Data can be obtained from two (2) sources:
- internal – data generated from within the computer system and
- external – data generated from outside the computer system.
Information – This is data that has been processed, and presented in a context that makes it meaningful and useful. When information is entered into and stored in a computer, it is generally referred to as data but after processing (such as formatting, organizing, restructuring, calculations and manipulations); output data can again be perceived as information. Information can therefore be said to be data that is:
- (1) accurate and timely,
- (2) specific and organized for a purpose,
- (3) presented within a context that gives it meaning and relevance and
- (4) can lead to an increase in understanding and decrease in uncertainty.
READ ALSO : What Is Information Processing Cycle?
E-learning – E-learning is so broad that it’s hard to articulate a brief definition that actually does justice to the term. It can be defined as the kind of learning that takes place through the use of electronic/online technologies in situations where both the instructor and the learner do not have to be at the same place at the same time. In other words, accessing educational curriculum outside of a traditional classroom through technology. It is not a course delivered via a DVD or CD-ROM, video tape or over a television channel. It is interactive in that you can also communicate with your teachers, professors or other students in your class. Sometimes it is delivered live, where you can “electronically” raise your hand and interact in real time and sometimes it is a lecture that has been prerecorded. There is always a teacher or professor interacting /communicating with you and grading your participation, your assignments and your tests. There are many terms used to describe learning that is delivered online, via the internet, ranging from Distance Education, to computerized electronic learning, online learning, internet learning and many others.